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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
辰-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a man with a hoe.

Han character[edit]

(radical 161 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一一女 (MMMV), four-corner 71232)

  1. early morning
  2. fifth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): dragon () of Chinese zodiac
  3. a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3606, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FB0

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (辰), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 植鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪn/ /ʑi̯ĕn/ /ʑiĕn/ /d͡ʑin/ /d͡ʑin/ /ʑĭĕn/ /d͡ʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chén ‹ dzyin › /*[d]əәr/ 5th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1372 1 /*djɯn/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic .

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

Etymology 2[edit]

By extension from the verb たつ (tatsu, to get up, to take off), from the notion of a dragon flying.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac
  2. by extension from the zodiac:
    1. the name of the year or day corresponding to the fifth in a cycle of twelve
    2. roughly east-southeast, specifically 30° south of due east (i.e. a bearing of 120°)
    3. the hour of the dragon, specifically 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM; sometimes treated as 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM instead
    4. alternate name for 三月 (sangatsu, the month of March)
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jin, sin)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: jin, sin, McCune-Reischauer: chin, sin, Yale: cin, sin)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần, thìn, thì)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.