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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
近-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹一中 (YHML), four-corner 32302, composition)

  1. near, close
  2. approach
  3. intimate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1254, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1736, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3819, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+8FD1

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (近), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 欣
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 其謹切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨnX/ /gi̯ənX/ /ɡiənX/ /ɡɨnX/ /gɨnX/ /ɡĭənX/ /ɡiənX/
Character (近), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 欣
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 巨靳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨnH/ /gi̯ənH/ /ɡiənH/ /ɡɨnH/ /gɨnH/ /ɡĭənH/ /ɡiənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jìn ‹ gj+nX › /*N-kəәrʔ/ near
jìn ‹ gj+nH › /*s-N-kəәrʔ-s/ be near to (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6659 1 /*ɡɯnʔ/
6660 1 /*ɡɯns/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nearby, close

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana こん, romaji Kon)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cận, cặn, gàn, gần)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.