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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
都-order.gif
Stroke order
都-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that there are two Unicode z-variants, with code points U+90FD and U+FA26 (this last one, however, is a compatibility variant and should be avoided).

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (town, city) + phonetic  – a large city.

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十日弓中 (JANL), four-corner 47627, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

 
(surname); metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely (due to)each; even; already
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (都), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 當孤切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuo/ /tuo/ /to/ /tuo/ /tɔ/ /tu/ /to/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tu › /*tˤa/ capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16968 0 /*taː/

Adverb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) all, both
  2. (emphasis) even
  3. (used in the 连...也/都 and 连...也/都 不如 stuctures, interchangeable with ) (emphasis) even
  4. already
  5. (Cantonese) also, too, as well
    • [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      ngo2 dou1 hou2 hou2 [Jyutping]
      I'm fine too.

Usage note[edit]

  • (all): When negating 都, the placement of is important.
不都 : not all, not everyone.
都不 : none, no one

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (都), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 當孤切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuo/ /tuo/ /to/ /tuo/ /tɔ/ /tu/ /to/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tu › /*tˤa/ capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16968 0 /*taː/

Noun[edit]

  1. capital (city)
  2. metropolis, large city

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Du

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-15.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. the prefecture of Tokyo

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune-Reischauer to, Yale to)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đô, đo, đu, đua, đủ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.