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See also: 西

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
酉-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): an ancient vase used in making and storing fermented millet liquors. See .

酉 酉 酉 酉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一金田一 (MCWM), four-corner 10600)

  1. tenth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): rooster () of Chinese zodiac
  2. a wine vessel
  3. radical 164

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1280, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1778, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3572, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9149

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (酉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 與久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /iuX/ /jiuX/ /juwX/ /jĭəuX/ /iəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ yuwX › /*N-ruʔ/ 10th earthly branch
yǒu ‹ yuwX › /*N-ruʔ/ wine
yǒu ‹ yuwX › /*N-ruʔ/ old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15583 1 /*luʔ/

Usage notes[edit]

Although it remains associated with liquor, the character alone is mostly used as the tenth earthly branch in the Chinese cyclical calendar.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. "sake" radical (さけづぐり)
  2. "bird of the zodiac" radical (ひよみのとり, とりへん)
  3. rooster, cock (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6157
  • Halpern: 3544
  • Halpern Learners: 2207
  • Heisig: 1427
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2254
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とり, romaji tori)

  1. rooster, cock (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dậu, dấu, giấu, giậu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.