野火

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of (no, field) +‎ (hi, fire). The hi changes to bi due to rendaku (連濁).

An ancient variant seen in eastern Japan uses the dialectical reading nu for .

Noun[edit]

野火 (hiragana のび, romaji nobi)

(alternative reading hiragana ぬび, romaji nubi) (obsolete)

  1. a controlled burn set in early spring to clear away brush from mountain fields
  2. a wildfire
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of (ho, fire) +‎ 退く (soku, to push away, to make distant).

The kun'yomi for is usually hi, but it can appear as ho or fu, particularly in older compounds.

The soku changes to soke due to conjugation of the verb. Grammatically, the stem form (連用形 (ren'yōkei)) soki would be expected; soke may indicate either a sound shift over time from a previous soki conjugation, or that the verb in this compound was originally conjugated into the hypothetical form (仮定形 (kateikei)) soke.

The kanji 野火 are an example of jukujikun.

Noun[edit]

野火 (hiragana ほそけ, romaji hosoke) (rare)

  1. a backburn: a controlled fire deliberately set in the path of a wildfire to create a firebreak by removing combustible material
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The more common word for this is 向火, 向かい火 (むかいび, ​mukaibi).

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Sinitic 野火.

Noun[edit]

野火 (hiragana やか, romaji yaka)

  1. a controlled burn set to clear away brush from fields
  2. a fire set in a field
  3. a wildfire
  4. a will o' the wisp
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin yěhuǒ
Zhuyin ㄧㄝˇ ㄏㄨㄛˇ
IPA (key) /i̯ɛ²¹⁴⁻³⁵ xu̯ɔ²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/

Noun[edit]

野火 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin yěhuǒ)

  1. wildfire
  2. farm fire (for clearing fields)