野火

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火

  1. wildfire
  2. farm fire (for clearing fields)

Japanese[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ひ > び
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of (no, field) +‎ (hi, fire).[1] The hi changes to bi due to rendaku (連濁).

An ancient variant seen in eastern Japan uses the dialectical reading nu for .[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火 (hiragana のび, romaji nobi)

(alternative reading hiragana ぬび, romaji nubi) (obsolete)

  1. a controlled burn set in early spring to clear away brush from mountain fields
  2. a wildfire
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of (ho, fire) +‎ 退く (soku, to push away, to make distant).[1]

The kun'yomi for is usually hi, but it can appear as ho or fu, particularly in older compounds.[1]

The soku changes to soke due to conjugation of the verb. Grammatically, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of soki was used for intransitive senses, and the stem form of soke was used for the transitive senses.[1]

The kanji 野火 are an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火 (hiragana ほそけ, romaji hosoke) (rare)

  1. a backburn: a controlled fire deliberately set in the path of a wildfire to create a firebreak by removing combustible material
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The more common word for this is 向火, 向かい火 (むかいび, ​mukaibi).

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 野火 (X xwaX, literally open country + fire).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火 (hiragana やか, romaji yaka, historical hiragana やくわ)

  1. a controlled burn set to clear away brush from fields
  2. a fire set in a field
  3. a wildfire
  4. a will o' the wisp
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9