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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 金大人人 (CKOO), four-corner 84138)

  1. tongs, pincers
  2. dagger
  3. sword

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1307, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1809, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4205, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+92CF

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping gaap3, Yale gaap3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. scissors, shears
  2. tongs, pincers

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(hasami): a pair of traditional Japanese shears or scissors.
(hasami): a pair of western-style scissors.
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
はさみ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Originally the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 鋏む (hasamu, to be tightly between two things, to be inserted in between”),[1][2] itself apparently deriving from hasa (“narrowness between other things”, likely cognate with hoso, “skinny, narrowness within the thing itself”) + auxiliary suffix (mu, to be or become like something).

Cognate and homophonic with , (​hasami): “being stuck in between other things”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はさみ, romaji hasami)

  1. scissors, a pair of scissors
  2. pincers or claws as found on a crab, lobster, or other arthropod
  3. a punch as used to make a hole in a piece of paper
Usage notes[edit]

The scissors and punch senses are also found spelled 剪刀.

The arthropod pincers sense is also found spelled and .

Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(yattoko): a pair of blacksmith's pincers
Kanji in this term
やっとこ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Probably originally an abbreviation of synonym yattokobasami,[1] with the yattoko portion possibly an alteration of 焼き床 (yakidoko, the cooking bed of an oven, or the firing bed of a kiln, possibly formerly read as yakitoko, literally burning or cooking bed), perhaps used as a dialect word referring to the forge; compare 火床 (hidoko, hearth; a firepit, such as beneath a boiler, literally fire bed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やっとこ, romaji yattoko)

  1. pincers, nippers, pliers, tongs, or grippers, specifically those used to hold a metal object being worked in blacksmithing
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
External links[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
やとこ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Probable variation from yattoko. Rare.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やとこ, romaji yatoko)

  1. (rare) pincers, nippers, pliers, tongs, or grippers, more specifically those used to hold a metal object being worked in blacksmithing

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

/kepu//keɸu//keu//kjoː/

From Middle Chinese (kiɛp, tongs, pincers). Compare modern Cantonese reading gaap3.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana けふ)

  1. pincers, scissors, tongs
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin jiá (jia2), Wade-Giles chia2)

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