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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 金大人人 (CKOO), four-corner 84138)

  1. tongs, pincers
  2. dagger
  3. sword

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1307, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1809, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4205, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+92CF

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping gaap3, Yale gaap3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. scissors, shears
  2. tongs, pincers

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(hasami): a pair of traditional Japanese shears or scissors.
(hasami): a pair of western-style scissors.
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
はさみ
Hyōgaiji

Originally the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form of verb 鋏む hasamu, “to be tightly between two things, to be inserted in between”),[1][2] itself apparently deriving from hasa (“narrowness between other things”, likely cognate with hoso, “skinny, narrowness within the thing itself”) + auxiliary suffix (mu, to be or become like something).

Cognate and homophonic with , (​hasami): “being stuck in between other things”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はさみ, romaji hasami)

  1. scissors, a pair of scissors
  2. pincers or claws as found on a crab, lobster, or other arthropod
  3. a punch as used to make a hole in a piece of paper
Usage notes[edit]

The scissors and punch senses are also found spelled 剪刀.

The arthropod pincers sense is also found spelled and .

Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(yattoko): a pair of blacksmith's pincers
Kanji in this term
やっとこ
Hyōgaiji

Probably originally an abbreviation of synonym yattokobasami,[1] with the yattoko portion possibly an alteration of 焼き床 (yakidoko, the cooking bed of an oven, or the firing bed of a kiln, possibly formerly read as yakitoko, literally burning or cooking bed), perhaps used as a dialect word referring to the forge; compare 火床 (hidoko, hearth; a firepit, such as beneath a boiler, literally fire bed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やっとこ, romaji yattoko)

  1. pincers, nippers, pliers, tongs, or grippers, specifically those used to hold a metal object being worked in blacksmithing
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
External links[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
やとこ
Hyōgaiji

Probable variation from yattoko. Rare.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やとこ, romaji yatoko)

  1. (rare) pincers, nippers, pliers, tongs, or grippers, more specifically those used to hold a metal object being worked in blacksmithing

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji

From Middle Chinese . Compare modern Mandarin (jiá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana けふ)

  1. pincers, scissors, tongs
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin jiá (jia2), Wade-Giles chia2)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.