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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金十一人 (CJMO), four-corner 83181, composition)

  1. spindle, slab, cake, tablet
  2. lock, padlock, seal

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1311, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40559
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1812, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4224, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9320

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping ding3, Yale ding3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (/*diaŋ/). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified (dìng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana じやう)

  1. a device used to make a door unopenable: a lock
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 367)[2]
      . ジャウ (鎖) 錠. 例, uo vorosu. (鎖を下ろす) 錠をおろす. uo aquru. (鎖を開くる) 錠をあける.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of (, chain) +‎ (mae, front), in reference to the padlock on the front of a chain keeping a door or gate closed. The use of is an example of ateji.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana じょうまえ, romaji jōmae, historical hiragana ぢやうまへ) (rare)

  1. Alternative spelling of 錠前: a lock, a padlock

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1980 October 25 [1603–1604], Tadao Doi, Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-0008-0021-3:
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin dìng (ding4), (yi3), Wade-Giles ting4, i3)

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