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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 金火月金 (CFBC), four-corner 89186)

  1. lock, padlock
  2. shackles, chains

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1317, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40708
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1817, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4240, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9396

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping so2, Yale so2)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun derived from the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 鏈る (kusaru, to be linked together, to link together).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くさり, romaji kusari)

  1. a chain
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun derived from the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 鎖す (tozasu, to shut and lock a door or gate).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とざし, romaji tozashi)

  1. the closing and locking of a door or gate
  2. a door or gate so closed and locked
  3. a bar or other device used to lock a door or gate
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun derived from the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 連る (tsugaru, to continue, to lead onto the next, to be connected; to connect or link together).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つがり, romaji tsugari)

  1. a connection, linkage, or continuation
  2. (rare) a chain
  3. a string of items tied together
  4. the part of the opening of a drawstring bag through which the string is passed
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Chinese or (*swaX). Compare modern simplified Mandarin (suǒ, lock, padlock; shackles, chains).

Only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji sa)

  1. a chain, linkage, or continuation
  2. a lock or barrier
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Alteration from sau, itself an alternate reading of sa above, possibly influenced by an early variety of Mandarin reading suǒ or Cantonese reading so².[1] The shift from sau to jau (modern ) was probably the influence of the reading of synonymous character (​).

/sa//sau//d͡ʑau//d͡ʑoː/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana ぢやう)

  1. a metal bar used to lock shut a gate, door, chest, or other opening
  2. a key used to lock or unlock such an opening
  3. a pill or tablet
Usage notes[edit]

The alternate spelling was originally an ateji, but in reference to openings, the meaning was limited to key, while the lock sense was spelled . In modern Japanese, these characters are largely interchangeable for both lock and key senses. However, the more common term for key is (​kagi).

The pill sense is more commonly spelled .

Counter[edit]

(hiragana じょう, romaji -jō, historical hiragana ぢやう)

  1. counter for pills or tablets
    この薬は一回に三とのことです。
    このくすりはいっかいにさんじょうとのことです。
    Kono kusuri wa ikkai ni san to no koto desu.
    The instructions are to take three pills of this medicine for each dose.
Usage notes[edit]

More commonly spelled .

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(swae) (hangeul , revised swae, McCune-Reischauer swae, Yale sway)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin suǒ (suo3), Wade-Giles so3)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*suɑ̌)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỏa, toả, khoá, soã, tuả, xoã)

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