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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 金卜廿山 (CYTU), four-corner 80116)

  1. mirror
  2. lens
  3. glass
  4. glasses

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1320, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40812
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1820, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4250, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+93E1

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Yale geng3)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. mirror

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a compound of (kage, shadow, figure, image) +‎ (mi, see), with the kage changing to kaga.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かがみ, romaji kagami)

  1. an instrument that reflects an image: a mirror
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 14, poem #3468)
      夜麻杼里乃 乎呂能波都乎尓 可賀美可家 刀奈布倍美許曽 奈尓与曽利鶏米
      やまとりの をろのはつをに かがみかけ となふべみこそ なによそりけめ
      yamatori no oro no hatsuo ni kagami kake tonau bemi koso na ni yosori kemu
  2. (Noh) the panel at the back of a Noh stage that is painted with an image of an old pine tree
  3. the barrelhead or lid of a saké barrel
    昨日 (きのう) (かがみ) ()いた。
    kinō, kagami o nuita.
    They removed the barrelhead yesterday. → They opened the saké barrel yesterday.

Idioms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin jìng (jing4), Wade-Giles ching4)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*giæ̀ng)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kính, kẻng, gương, kiếng)