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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
長-bw.png
Stroke order
長-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a radical)

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – originally long hair; compare .

Unrelated to visually similar , and notably does not have a diagonal stroke at lower left.

Han character[edit]

(radical 168 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一女 (SMV), four-corner 71732)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1328, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1829, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9577

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (長), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋ/ /ȡʱi̯aŋ/ /ȡiaŋ/ /ɖiɐŋ/ /ɖɨaŋ/ /ȡĭaŋ/ /ȡiɑŋ/
Character (長), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 知丈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨɐŋX/ /ȶi̯aŋX/ /ȶiaŋX/ /ʈiɐŋX/ /ʈɨaŋX/ /ȶĭaŋX/ /ȶiɑŋX/
Character (長), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 直亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋH/ /ȡʱi̯aŋH/ /ȡiaŋH/ /ɖiɐŋH/ /ɖɨaŋH/ /ȡĭaŋH/ /ȡiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháng ‹ drjang › /*Cə-[N]-traŋ/ long (adj.)
zhǎng ‹ trjangX › /*traŋʔ/ grow; elder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1263 0 /*taŋʔ/
1276 0 /*daŋ/
1280 0 /*daŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. long (M:cháng)
  2. length
  3. excel in
  4. leader, master, chief (M:zhǎng)
  5. to grow

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちょう, romaji chō)

  1. chief; head (of an organization)

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana ちょう, romaji -chō)

  1. head, chief, leader

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
  • Name (hangeul): 길다 (revised: gilda, McCune-Reischauer: kilda, Yale: kilta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)