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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
長-bw.png
Stroke order
長-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a radical)

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – originally long hair; compare .

Unrelated to visually similar , and notably does not have a diagonal stroke at lower left.

Han character[edit]

(radical 168 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一女 (SMV), four-corner 71732)

  1. long
  2. length
  3. excel in
  4. leader / master / chief

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1328, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1829, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9577

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping coeng4, zoeng2, Yale cheung4, jeung2)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ chhông, Guangdong tshong3, tsh'ong2 [Meixian], chong3, ch'ong2, chong5 [Hailu], tsong3, tsong5 [Siyan], chong3, ch'ong2 [Kwangtung], tsong3 [Bao'an, Dongguan, Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim cong2, zong3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちょう, romaji chō)

  1. chief; head (of an organization)

Compounds[edit]

  • 長歌 (ちょうか, chōka)
  • 長句 (ちょうく, chōku)
  • 長躯 (ちょうく, chōku)
  • 長兄 (ちょうけい, chōkei)
  • 長子 (ちょうし, chōshi)
  • 長女 (ちょうじょ, chōjo)
  • 長上 (ちょうじょう, chōjō)
  • 長調 (ちょうちょう, chōchō)
  • 長短 (ちょうたん, chōtan)
  • 長夜 (ちょうや, chōya)
  • 長老 (ちょうろう, chōrō)
  • 長唄 (ながうた, nagauta)
  • 院長 (いんちょう, inchō)
  • 延長 (えんちょう, enchō)
  • 課長 (かちょう, kachō)
  • 会長 (かいちょう, kaichō)
  • 学長 (がくちょう, gakuchō)
  • 係長 (かかりちょう, kakarichō)
  • 楽長 (がくちょう, gakuchō)
  • 機長 (きちょう, kichō)
  • 組長 (くみちょう, kumichō)
  • 市長 (しちょう, sichō)
  • 社長 (しゃちょう, shachō)
  • 船長 (せんちょう, senchō)
  • 村長 (そんちょう, sonchō)
  • 町長 (ちょうちょう, chōchō)
  • 店長 (てんちょう, tenchō)
  • 班長 (はんちょう, hanchō)
  • 番長 (ばんちょう, banchō)
  • 部長 (ぶちょう, buchō)
  • 霊長 (れいちょう, reichō)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana ちょう, romaji -chō)

  1. head, chief, leader

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jang, McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
  • Name (hangeul): 길다 (revised: gilda, McCune-Reischauer: kilda, Yale: kilta)

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin cháng (chang2), zhǎng (zhang3), zhàng (zhang4), Wade-Giles ch'ang2, chang3, chang4)

Compounds[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tsiáng (tsiang2), tsióng (tsiong2), tióng (tiong2), tiông (tiong5), tshiâng (tshiang5), tiòng (tiong3), tiúnn (tiunn2), tn̂g (tng5))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tràng, trường, trướng, trưởng)

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999