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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (door) +  – a pair of hands opening a door: the door is open.

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓一廿 (ANMT), four-corner 77441, composition)

  1. to open
  2. initiate, begin, start

Synonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1331, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41233
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1835, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4286, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+958B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (開), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦哀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʌi/ /kʰɑ̆i/ /kʰᴀi/ /kʰəi/ /kʰəj/ /kʰɒi/ /kʰɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kāi ‹ khoj › /*Nə-[k]ʰˤəj/ to open (v.i.)
kāi ‹ khoj › /*[k]ʰˤəj/ to open (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7348 1 /*kʰɯːl/

Verb[edit]

  1. to open
  2. to start, to turn on
  3. to boil
  4. to write out (a prescription, check, invoice)
  5. to operate (vehicle)
  6. Abbreviation of 開爾文/开尔文 (degrees Kelvin).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 開, based on ryakuji for ; compare also and 𫔭.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. open

Readings[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khai, khơi, khui)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.