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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日 (ANA), four-corner 77607, composition)

  1. interval, space
  2. place, between
  3. spacial concept experienced in between what the viewer sees and how the viewer perceives it.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1333, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1839, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9593

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (間), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古莧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣɛnH/ /kănH/ /kɛnH/ /kɯænH/ /kəɨnH/ /kænH/ /kænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kean › /*kˤre[n]/ interval
jiān ‹ kean › /*kˤre[n]/ 間關 sound of a chariot's linchpin (Ode 218.1)
xián ‹ hean › /*N-kˤre[n]/ idle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6226 2 /*kreːn/ 原作閒同說文
6228 2 /*kreːns/ 閒後起字體

Postposition[edit]

  1. among; between

Classifier[edit]

  1. for houses and other buildings

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 間, based on ryakuji for ; compare also .

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 人間 (にんげん, ningen)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あいだ, romaji aida)

  1. a space
  2. a while; an interval
  3. between
  4. during

Derived terms[edit]

  • この間 (このあいだ, kono aida)
  • 間中 (あいだじゅう, aidajū)

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6391
  • Halpern: 3323
  • Halpern Learners: 2094
  • Heisig: 1620
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 8e4.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. space; room

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gan, McCune-Reischauer: kan, Yale: kan)
  • Name (hangeul): 사이 (revised: sai, McCune-Reischauer: sai)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gian, dán, gián)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]