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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中尸木田火 (LSDWF), composition)

  1. door screen
  2. railing fence

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (闌), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 落干切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lan/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lán ‹ lan › /*[r]ˤan/ railing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6124 1 /*ɡ·raːn/