Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (U+2ED7) (When used as a combining radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/r/s-wa.

Graphically: Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

Stroke order
雨-bw.png
Stroke order
雨-order.gif
雨 雨 雨 雨
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (雨), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 王矩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨoX/ /i̯uX/ /ɣioX/ /ɦioX/ /ɦuə̆X/ /ɣĭuX/ /ɣioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hjuX › /*C.ɢʷ(r)aʔ/ rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15952 0 /*ɢʷaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rain
  2. (figuratively)
    1. friend
    2. teaching, instruction

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (雨):

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (雨), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 王遇切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨoH/ /i̯uH/ /ɣioH/ /ɦioH/ /ɦuə̆H/ /ɣĭuH/ /ɣioH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hjuH › /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ-s/ rain (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15953 0 /*ɢʷas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to rain
    • [Classical Chinese, trad. and simp.]
      wǒ gōng tián, suì jí wǒ sī. [Pinyin]
      May it rain first on our public fields, and then come to our private!
  2. to fall from the sky (like the rain)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

さめ (same) occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ (ame)) in terms such as 小雨 (kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨 (harusame, spring rain).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with same (rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same/ → /ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あめ, romaji ame)

  1. rain
    • 一雨ごとに春が来る
      hito ame goto ni haru ga kuru
      Spring nears by each rain-fall
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 24)
      雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with ame (rain). Found in compounds. The /s/ either represents epenthesis between two vowels in compounds or, more likely, is a reflex of an older form of the word ame (rain) only maintained in fossilized compounds. See Derived terms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さめ, romaji same)

  1. rain
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, thủy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

Compounds[edit]