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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
電-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (rain) + phonetic 

The in this character is a variant/corruption of , used phonetically. Compare the Old Chinese pronunciations: 申 *l̥in, 電 *lˤin-s.

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition)

  1. electricity, electric, electro
  2. lightning

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping din6, Yale din6)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. lightning
  2. electricity

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma becomes zuma in this compound due to rendaku (連濁).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いなずま, romaji inazuma)

  1. lightning

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin diàn (dian4), Wade-Giles tien4)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*dhèn)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điện)