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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
電-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (rain) + phonetic 

The in this character is a variant/corruption of , used phonetically. Compare the Old Chinese pronunciations: 申 *l̥in, 電 *lˤin-s.

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition)

  1. electricity, electric, electro-
  2. lightning

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (電), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 堂練切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/denH/ /dʱienH/ /denH/ /denH/ /dɛnH/ /dienH/ /dɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
diàn ‹ denH › /*lˤi[n]-s/ lightning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11233 1 /*l'iːns/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. lightning
  2. electricity

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma becomes zuma in this compound due to rendaku (連濁).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いなずま, romaji inazuma)

  1. lightning

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.