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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
青-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
青-jbw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (growth of plants) +  (cinnabar) – represents growing plants. Cinnabar was used for dying items red, implying color which red stands as the most representative form of. Giving the meaning "color of growing plants", hence blue-green.

Top component is cognate to (grass), but bottom component now resembles the unrelated (moon).

Han character[edit]

(radical 174 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 手一月 (QMB), four-corner 50227, composition)

  1. green, blue, black, azure
  2. young
  3. clear

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1381, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42564
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1893, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9752

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīng ‹ tsheng › /*N-sˁ‹r›eŋ/ green or blue
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11362 0 /*sʰleːŋ/ 說文從生丹,戴桐王筠皆雲從丹生聲

Definitions[edit]

  1. green; if about grass, plants, mountain etc.
  2. blue; if about the sky, a stone etc.
  3. black; if about hair, cloth etc.
  4. young

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning for blue and black of "青" is more commonly used in classical Chinese, while in modern Chinese, the meaning for green is more common, for example, "青山綠水/青山緑水" (hill and water green in colour), "青蘋果/青苹果" (green apple). However, there are still some expressions for the meaning of blue, e.g. "青天" (blue sky), "青出於藍/青出于蓝" (literal meaning: blue colour extracts from a plant of blue dye. Extended meaning and use: for saying someone performed better than his/her teacher).

In Cantonese the use of "青" to mean black is still used in circumstances were to use "黑" would be inauspicious as it is a homophone of "乞" or beggar, so for example "黑衣" used to describe clothing would be a homophone of both beggar and a beggar's garment.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

awo → ao. Possibly sawo → awo → ao.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あお, romaji ao, historical hiragana あを)

  1. blue
  2. the black, bluish color of a horse's hair; also, such a horse
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 39)
      Auo. アヲ (青) 馬の毛色で, 全体に黒くて青みがあり, 両耳の内側に多少白いところのあるもの. この部分の毛も他の部分と同じようにすっかり黒い時には, Curo(黒)と呼ばれる.
  3. green (traffic-light green is referred to as ao, as are plant leaves.)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

sawo → sao. s- is often taken as a prefix to avoid vowel clusters, but it was probably the older form. Seen also in same and shine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “Same as above?”

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さお, romaji sao, historical hiragana さを)

  1. blue
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しい, romaji shī)

  1. a beast that looks like a weasel, and is said to have lived in present Fukuoka and Yamaguchi
  2. a beast that looks like a wolf, and is said to have appeared in Mt. Yoshino

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cheong, McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏng, Yale: cheng)
  1. blue; green

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*tseng)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thanh, thênh, xanh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]