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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿十人心 (TJOP), four-corner 44510, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42729
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1900, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4327, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9774

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (靴), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 戈
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 許𦚢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨuɑ/ /xi̯wɑ/ /xiuɑ/ /hʷiɑ/ /hua/ /xĭuɑ/ /xiuɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5324 1 /*hʷa/ 同鞾

Definitions[edit]

  1. boots (footwear)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. Some Japanese sources suggest a borrowing from or cognate with Korean 구두 (gudu, “shoes”), but then some Korean sources suggest that the Korean term was borrowed from Japanese (kutsu, “shoes”).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くつ, romaji kutsu)

  1. footwear, footgear: a shoe, (a pair of) shoes; a boot, (a pair of) boots

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. (가죽 화, gajuk-sin-): footwear made of leather

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngoa)

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