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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿十土土 (TJGG), four-corner 44514, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1387, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42813
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1902, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4333, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+978B

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (leather) + phonetic  – leather shoes.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鞋), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸佳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛ/ /ɣai/ /ɣɛ/ /ɦɯæ/ /ɦaɨj/ /ɣai/ /ɣæi/
Character (鞋), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸皆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛi/ /ɣăi/ /ɣɛi/ /ɦɯæi/ /ɦəɨj/ /ɣɐi/ /ɣɐi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xié ‹  › /*[ɡ]ˤre (no pre-Qín exx.)/ shoe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4528 0 /*ɡreː/ 說文作鞵
4534 0 /*ɡreː/ 同鞵
4541 0 /*ɡreː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. shoes; shoe; footwear
    /   ―  yī shuāng xié  ―  a pair of shoes
    穿我們出去晚飯 [MSC, trad.]
    穿我们出去晚饭 [MSC, simp.]
    Chuān shàng nǐ de xié, wǒmen chūqù chī wǎnfàn. [Pinyin]
    Put on your shoes. Let's go out for dinner.
    這裡必須 [MSC, trad.]
    这里必须 [MSC, simp.]
    Zài zhèlǐ wǒ bìxū tuō xié ma? [Pinyin]
    Do I have to take off my shoes here?

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. shoes; shoe; footwear

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くつ, romaji kutsu)

  1. shoes; shoe; footwear

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hye) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hye, Yale hyey)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hài, giày)

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