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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一弓廿中十 (MNTLJ), four-corner 17506, composition)

  1. bind
  2. firm, secure, strong
  3. a Chinese surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1387, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1902, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4333, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+978F

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鞏), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居悚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨoŋX/ /ki̯woŋX/ /kioŋX/ /kioŋX/ /kuawŋX/ /kĭwoŋX/ /kioŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gǒng ‹ kjowngX › /*k(r)oŋʔ/ bind with leather straps

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4067 0 /*koŋʔ/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong, Yale kong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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