音乐

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("sound, music") +  ("music").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (音乐, reconstructed)
Character (音), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於金切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪm/ /ʔi̯əm/ /ʔiəm/ /ʔim/ /ʔim/ /ĭĕm/ /ʔjem/
Character (樂), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 五角切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣʌk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/ /ŋɯɔk̚/ /ŋaɨwk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (音乐, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yīn ‹ 'im › /*[q](r)əәm/ sound, tone
‹ lak › /*[r]ˤawk/ joy; enjoy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15223 1 /*qrɯm/
7683 1 /*ŋraːwɢ/

Noun[edit]

音乐

  1. music

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (音樂):