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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +10, 19 strokes, cangjie input 一火一月金 (MFMBC), four-corner 71286, composition)

  1. desire, want
  2. wish
  3. ambition

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1407, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43623
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1925, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4385, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9858

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (願), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 魚怨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐnH/ /ŋi̯wɐnH/ /ŋiuɐnH/ /ŋʷiɐnH/ /ŋuanH/ /ŋĭwɐnH/ /ŋiuɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuàn ‹ ngjwonH › /*ŋon-s {*[ŋ]o[n]-s} (‹ nasal plus uvular?)/ to wish
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16196 1 /*ŋʷans/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The honorific form is the well known word for please, お願い (onegai).

Compounds[edit]

  • 出願 (しゅつがん, shutsugan)
  • 念願 (ねんがん, nengan)
  • 本願 (ほんがん, hongan)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyện, nguyền)

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