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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
食-bw.png
Stroke order
食-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic ; see 𠊊.

Pictogram (象形): a mouth over a bowl of rice on a stand. While the current form is +, the lower part (bowl of rice on a stand) is cognate to , not to or .[1] This is more visible in the form 𠊊.

食 食 食 食
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人戈日女 (OIAV), four-corner 80732)

  1. eat
  2. meal
  3. food
  4. KangXi radical number 184

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1415, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1939, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4440, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+98DF
  1. ^ "Etymology: 食", URL accessed on 2008-06-16.

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (食), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 羊吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨH/ /iH/ /iəH/ /jɨH/ /jɨH/ /jĭəH/ /ieH/
Character (食), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 船 (27)
Final: 職
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 乗力切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑɨk̚/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ək̚/ /d͡ʑiək̚/ /ʑɨk̚/ /ʑik̚/ /d͡ʑĭək̚/ /ʑiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ zyik › /*mə-lək/ eat
‹ ziH › /*s-m-lək-s/ food; feed
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11476 0 /*lɯɡs/
11477 0 /*ɦljɯɡ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to feed

Verb[edit]

  1. to eat
    中國人筷子食飯
    Yale: jung1-gwok3-yan4 hai6 jaa1 faai3-ji2 sik6-faan6 ge3
    Jyutping: zung1-gwok3-jan4 hai6 zaa1 faai3-zi2 sik6-faan6 ge3
    Chinese people use chopsticks to eat with.
    星期日朋友一齊晚飯
    Yale: seung6 sing1-kei4-yat6 ngo5 tung4 di1 pang4-yau5 yat1-chai4 sik6 maan5-faan6
    Jyutping: soeng6 sing1-kei4-jat6 ngo5 tung4 di1 pang4-jau5 jat1-cai4 sik6 maan5-faan6
    Last Sunday, I ate dinner together with my friends.
    Yale: nei5 sik6-jo2 faan6 mei6 aa3
    Jyutping: nei5 sik6-zo2 faan6 mei6 aa3
    Have you eaten yet?

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unbound apophonic form uke.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うか, romaji uka)

  1. food
  2. grain

Etymology 2[edit]

uka + i → uke2 → uke. Bound apophonic form uka.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うけ, romaji uke)

  1. food

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate with ke.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. food

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. food

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しょく, romaji shoku)

  1. a meal
  2. foodstuff
  3. an eclipse

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to eat
  2. a meal
Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

When combining, appears in simplified form , as in , but in isolation is not simplified. Can also appear in alternative form as in .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sik)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sik, McCune-Reischauer: sik, Yale: sik)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*jhiək)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thực, tự)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.