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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
首-bw.png
Stroke order
首-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from 𩠐 ( → ). Originally Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + 𦣻.

首 首 首 首
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601)

  1. head
  2. first
  3. leader, chief
  4. a poem

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping sau2, Yale sau2)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ shíu, Guangdong shu3, shiu3 [Meixian], s'iu3 [Hailu, Kwangtung], sii3 [Siyan], su3, siu3 [Bao'an], Hagfa Pinyim su3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くび, romaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おびと, romaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Etymology 3[edit]

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either kami (upper) or kami (hair) with the suffix pe (location).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こうべ, historical hiragana かうべ, romaji kōbe)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しゅ, romaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin qiú (qiu2), shǒu (shou3), Wade-Giles ch'iu2, shou3)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA siú (siu2))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủ, thú)