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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
首-bw.png
Stroke order
首-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from 𩠐 (). Originally Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + 𦣻.

首 首 首 首
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601)

  1. head
  2. first
  3. leader, chief
  4. a poem

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (首), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 書九切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨuX/ /ɕi̯ə̯uX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕuwX/ /ɕĭəuX/ /ɕiəuX/
Character (首), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 舒救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨuH/ /ɕi̯ə̯uH/ /ɕiuH/ /ɕiuH/ /ɕuwH/ /ɕĭəuH/ /ɕiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǒu ‹ syuwH › /*l̥uʔ-s/ turn the head towards
shǒu ‹ syuwX › /*l̥uʔ/ head
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11671 1 /*hljuʔ/
11672 1 /*hljus/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くび, romaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おびと, romaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Etymology 3[edit]

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either kami (upper) or kami (hair) with the suffix pe (location).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こうべ, romaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しゅ, romaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủ, thú)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.