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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月人竹日火 (BOHAF))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1494, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47074
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2024, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9D8F

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. a chicken, a bird

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
にわとり
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Originally derived from the 枕詞 (makura kotoba, pillow word, an epithet as a poetic device) compound phrase niwa tsu tori, (niwa, garden) +‎ (tsu, possessive particle, analogous to modern Japanese , no) +‎ (tori, bird), used in Old Japanese poetry as an allusive introduction to kake, the older word for “chicken” (see below). The medial tsu disappeared over time, yielding modern Japanese niwatori.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana にわとり, romaji niwatori, historical hiragana にはとり)

  1. a chicken (a bird)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かけ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Onomatopoeic of the sound made by a chicken.[1][2] Compare English cluck.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana かけ, romaji kake)

  1. a chicken (a bird)
    • 711-712, Kojiki (Kami tsu maki)
      爾波都登理 迦祁波那久
      庭つ鳥 は鳴く
      にわつとり かけはなく
      niwa tsu tori, kake wa naku
      the garden bird, the chicken clucks
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くたかけ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of くた (kuta, root for numerous verbs, implying low-grade, rotten, stinky) +‎ かけ (kake, chicken, see above).[1]

Formerly a derogatory term for a chicken. Over time, the derogatory sense was lost, and the term instead took on an old-fashioned or archaic sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くたかけ, romaji kutakake)

  1. (archaic) a chicken (a bird)
Usage notes[edit]

Occasionally seen with the reading くだかけ (kudakake).[1][2]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9