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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月人竹日火 (BOHAF))

  1. chicken, fowl, poultry

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1494, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47074
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2024, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9D8F

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji)

  1. a chicken, a bird

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally derived from the 枕詞 (makura kotoba, pillow word, an epithet as a poetic device) compound phrase niwa tsu tori, (niwa, garden) +‎ (tsu, possessive particle, analogous to modern Japanese , no) +‎ (tori, bird), used in Old Japanese poetry as an allusive introduction to kake, the older word for “chicken” (see below). The medial tsu disappeared over time, yielding modern Japanese niwatori.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana にわとり, historical hiragana にはとり, romaji niwatori)

  1. a chicken (a bird)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Onomatopoeic of the sound made by a chicken: compare to English cluck.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana かけ, romaji kake)

  1. a chicken (a bird)
    • 711-712: Kojiki (Kami tsu maki)
      爾波都登理 迦祁波那久
      庭つ鳥 は鳴く
      にわつとり かけはなく
      niwa tsu tori, kake wa naku
      the garden bird, the chicken clucks
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese. Compound of くた (kuta, root for numerous verbs, implying low-grade, rotten, stinky) +‎ かけ (kake, chicken, see above).

Formerly a derogatory term for a chicken. Over time, the derogatory sense was lost, and the term instead took on an old-fashioned or archaic sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くたかけ, romaji kutakake)

  1. (archaic) a chicken (a bird)
Usage notes[edit]

Occasionally seen with the reading くだかけ (kudakake).

Synonyms[edit]