鹿

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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鹿-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Deer running.jpg

Pictogram (象形) – a deer. Current form is highly abstracted – legs have transformed to – note grouping of front and rear legs, which are bent – head has transformed to middle component (similar to /), while antlers on top and extended lip/mouth on left transformed into 广. This simplification occurred during seal characters.

Contrast the very different development of (horse), and the hybrid simplification in 𢊁 (bison) (as in ), which has the head of 鹿 but the legs of 馬 ().

Han character[edit]

鹿 (radical 198 鹿+0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈X心 (IXP), four-corner 00211)

  1. deer
  2. used as a surname
  3. KangXi radical 198

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4727, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9E7F

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.
鹿

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (鹿, reconstructed)
Character (鹿), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧谷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /ləwk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (鹿, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
鹿 ‹ luwk › /*mə-rˁok/ deer
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
鹿 8565 鹿 0 /*b·roːɡ/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

鹿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. deer

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Noun[edit]

鹿 (hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. deer (archaic)

Etymology 2[edit]

From (se, male) + 鹿 (ka, deer), in contrast to 女鹿 (meka, female deer (archaic)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

鹿 (hiragana しか, romaji shika)

  1. deer
    奈良公園には鹿しかいない。
    nara kōen ni wa shika shika inai.

Etymology 3[edit]

From the resemblance to a 桛木 (kasegi, cross-shaped spindle, or a branching point in a tree)

Noun[edit]

鹿 (hiragana かせぎ, romaji kasegi)

  1. deer (archaic)
    • 1212: Hōjōki
      山鳥のほろと鳴くを聞きても、父か母かと疑ひ、峰のかせぎの近くなれたるにつけても、世に遠ざかるほどを知る。
      yamadori no horo to naku wo kikite mo, chichi ka haha ka to utagahi, mine no kasegi no chikaku naretaru ni tsukete mo, yo ni tōzakaru hodo wo shiru.

Etymology 4[edit]

From 鹿 (ka, deer) + (no, possessive particle) + (shishi, flesh).

Noun[edit]

鹿 (hiragana かのしし, romaji kanoshishi)

  1. deer meat: venison
  2. deer (archaic)

Etymology 5[edit]

From (shishi, flesh).

Noun[edit]

鹿 (hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. beast (used for its meat such as a boar or a deer) (archaic)

References[edit]

  • 1989 [1212], Teiji Ichiko, Hōjōki (Shintei), Iwanami Shoten, 4-00-301001-9:
  • 1957, Minoru Nishio, Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Hōjōki, Tsurezuregusa, Iwanami Shoten, 4-00-060030-3:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

鹿 (rok, nok) (hangeul , , revised rok, nok, McCune-Reischauer rok, nok, Yale lok, nok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

鹿 (*luk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

鹿 (lộc, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.