- 1 Korean
- 1.1 Alternative forms
- 1.2 Etymology 1
- 1.3 Etymology 2
- 1.4 Etymology 3
- 1.5 Etymology 4
- 1.6 Etymology 5
- 1.7 Etymology 6
- 1.8 Etymology 7
- 몰 (mol) (mostly obsolete)
First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 말.
Of native Korean origin.
- 낱말 (nanmal, “a single word”)
- 한국말 (han-gungmal, “Korean speech”)
- 말씀 (malsseum, “(honorific) word”)
- 말하다 (malhada, “to say, speak, talk”)
- 이르다 (ireuda, “to say”)
First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 𨥬.
The ma sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ᠮᠣᡵᡳᠨ (morin, “horse”), Mongol морь (morj, “horse”), Mandarin 馬 (mă, “horse”), and Proto-Indo-European *mark(')- (“horse”) and descendants such as Irish marc (“horse”, archaic) or English mare (“female horse”). More at *mark(')-.
Native Korean related to Sino-Korean 斗
- measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe (되))
- a unit of measure (about 18 liters)
- (prefix): great, e.g., 말벌, 말개미, 말잠자리
Short form of 말뚝
First recorded in the Hunmong jahoe, 1527, as 𨥬.
말 (mal) (hanja 末)