켜다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as 혀다 (Yale: hyeta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (…을) To light an oil lamp or candle; strike a match or lighter
    • 촛불을 켜다
      chotbureul kyeoda
      light a candle
    • 라이터를 켜다
      raiteoreul kyeoda
      light a lighter
    • 성냥을 담뱃불을 붙였다.
      seongnyangeul kyeo dambaetbureul buchyeotda
      I matched and fire lit tobacco.
    • 등잔불을 켜니 주위가 밝아졌다.
      deungjanbureul kyeoni juwiga balgajyeotda
      The surroundings became bright when lamplight was burned.
  2. (…을) To turn something on
    • 형광등을 켜다
      hyeonggwangdeungeul kyeoda
      turn on the fluorescent light
    • 텔레비전을 켜다
      tellebijeoneul kyeoda
      turn on the television
    • 라디오를 켜다
      radioreul kyeoda
      turn on the radio
    • 녹음기를 켜다
      nogeumgireul kyeoda
      turn on the recorder
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as ᅘᅧ다 (Yale: hhyeta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (…을) To split a wood lengthwise with a saw
    • 통나무를 켜다
      tongnamureul kyeoda
      saw a log
    • 박을 켜다
      bageul kyeoda
      cut a gourd in two
    • 나무를 켜는 전기톱은 소리가 시끄럽다.
      namureul kyeoneun jeongitobeun soriga sikkeureopda
      The chain saw which is cutting a tree is noisy.
  2. (…을) To play the string instrument
    • 바이올린을 켜다
      baiollineul kyeoda
      play the violin
    • 그녀가 나를 위해 첼로를 켜면서 노래를 불러 주었다.
      geunyeoga nareul wihae chelloreul kyeomyeonseo noraereul bulleo jueotda
      She sang the song for me, playing the cello.
    • 멀리서 해금을 켜는 소리가 난다.
      meolliseo haegeumeul kyeoneun soriga nanda
      There is sound which plays the haegeum from a distant place.
  3. (…을) To reel silk off cocoons
    • 고치를 켜다
      gochireul kyeoda
      spin thread off a cocoon
  4. (…을) To make a taffy white
    • 엿을 켜다
      yeoseul kyeoda
      make a yeot white
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (…을) To drink at a gulp
    • 그는 막걸리 한 사발을 쭉 다음에 논두렁에 앉아서 땀을 닦았다.
      geuneun makgeolli han sabareul jjuk kyeon daeume nondureonge anjaseo ttameul dakkatda
      After he finished off his makgeolli with one large gulp, he sat on the ridge between rice paddies and wiped sweat.
  2. (…을) To drink water very often because of thirst
    • 짜게 먹어서 그랬는지 물을 많이 켰다.
      jjage meogeoseo geuraenneunji mureul mani kyeotda
      Because I had salty, I drank lots of water.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (…을, with 기지개) To stretch
    • 기지개를 켜다
      gijigaereul kyeoda
      stretch
    • 그는 일어나 기지개를 한 번 켜고 나서 창문을 열었다.
      geuneun ireona gijigaereul han beon kyeogo naseo changmuneul yeoreotda
      He got up, stretched once and opened the window.

Etymology 5[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (…을) To corrugate
    • 밭골을 켜다
      batgoreul kyeoda
      make furrows

Etymology 6[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (…을) To make a sound using something like ure
    • 꿩 사냥을 할 때는 으레 우레를 켠다.
      kkwong sanyangeul hal ttaeneun eure urereul kyeonda
      I usually use the ure when hunting.

Etymology 7[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

켜다 (kyeoda) (infinitive 켜어, sequential 켜니)

  1. (North Korea) To fan