𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠𐭭 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠

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Middle Persian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠 (šāh [MLKA]) and its oblique plural 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠𐭭 (šāhān [MLKAn]) or inherited in whole from Old Persian 𐏋 𐏐 𐏋𐎠𐎴𐎠𐎶 (xšāyaθiya xšāyaθiyānām, king of kings), from 𐏋 (xšāyaθiya, king) + 𐏋𐎠𐎴𐎠𐎶 (xšāyaθiyānām), genitive plural of 𐏋 (xšāyaθiya, king). Transliterated into Latin as saansaan by Ammianus Marcellinus and borrowed into Old Armenian as շահանշահ (šahanšah). Translated into Ancient Greek as βασιλεύς τῶν βασιλέων (basileús tôn basiléōn), Latin as rex regibus, Old Armenian as թագաւորաց թագաւոր (tʿagaworacʿ tʿagawor), արքայից արքայ (arkʿayicʿ arkʿay), Hebrew מלך המלכים (Melech ha-M'lachim). The formula originates in Ancient Near East; compare Akkadian [script needed] (šar šarrāni, king of kings), the title of Tukulti-Ninurta I of Assyria (13th century BC).

Noun[edit]

𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠𐭭 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠 (šāhān šāh [MLKAn MLKA])

  1. king of kings, shahanshah

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, pages 207–208
  • շահանշահ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume III, page 482ab