не

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Belarusian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

не (ni)

  1. no (word used to indicate disagreement or negative)

Particle[edit]

не (ne)

  1. not

Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

не (ne)

  1. used to show disagreement or negation, no
    Не, грешиш. - No, you are mistaken.
    Не, сега не може да гледаш телевизия. - No, you may not watch television now.
  2. used to negate the meaning of the following word or phrase, not, n't
    Не знам. - I don't know.
    Не мога. - I can't.
    Мария не им даде възможност да се извинят. - Maria didn't give them a change to apologize.
    Не Мария им даде възможност да се извинят. - It was not Maria who gave them a chance to apologize. (Someone else did.)
    Не на тях Мария даде възможност да се извинят. - It was not to them that Maria gave a chance to apologize. (She gave it to someone else.)
    Не възможност да се извинят им даде Мария. - It was not a chance to apologize that Maria gave them. (She gave them something else.)
    Не да се извинят им даде възможност Мария. - It was not a chance to apologize that Maria gave them. (She gave them a chance to do something else.)

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [nʲe]
  • (file)
  • Homophone: ни (ni) (when unstressed)

Particle[edit]

не (ne)

  1. (negative in full) not, no, -n't, without
    он не зна́етhe does not know
    не долете́в до це́лиwithout reaching the target
    он не ге́нийhe is no genius
    не де́лай э́того!don’t do it!
    не говори́ ни сло́ва!don’t say a word!
  2. Idiomatic negative usage
    (мне) не по себе́(I) feel sick, (I) feel uncomfortable
    не разmore than once, time and again, repeatedly, many a time
    я ви́дел вас не разI have seen you often
    тем не ме́нее (tem ne méneje) — nevertheless
  3. (partial negative) perhaps not, whether ... or not
    сча́стье не сча́стье, но что-то похо́жееperhaps not happiness, but something very much like it
    хо́чешь не хо́чешь, а придётся сде́латьlike it or not, you’ll have to do it
  4. will never (implying impossibility to do something)
    ему́ э́того не сде́латьhe will never do it.
  5. usually not translated, gives affirmative meaning for expression, especially in exclamations
    како́й ру́сский не лю́бит бы́строй езды́!every Russian likes to drive (a car) fast.
    кто не лю́бит пое́сть!everyone likes a good meal.

Prefix[edit]

With prepositions and pronouns не actually is a prefix, in spite of the fact that it is written separately.

Examples:

  1. не с кем (from некем)
  2. не из чего́ (from нечего)

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

не (Latin spelling ne)

  1. not (denoting negation)
    не знам — I don't know
    он је не само даровит, већ и јако марљив — he is not only talented, but also very industrious
    ht(j)eo-ne ht(j)eo — whether you want it or not
    да не спаваш? — aren't you sleeping?
    не могу, а да не.. — I cannot but...
    рећи не — to say no; refuse, decline
    не мање него.. — no less then..
    не доћи — to fail to come, not come
    .... Зар не? — ... Aren't you? (Do you?, Don't you?)

Interjection[edit]

не (Latin spelling ne)

  1. no
    Јеси ли демократ(а)? Не! — Are you a democrat? No!

Synonyms[edit]

  • јок (dialectal, from Turkish)

Antonyms[edit]


Tajik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian не (ne).

Adverb[edit]

не (ne)

  1. (informal) no

See also[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

не (ne)

  1. not