զի

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Accusative of ի- (i-), composed of nota accusativi զ- (z-) +‎ ի- (i-)

Pronoun[edit]

զի՞ (zi?)

  1. (interrogative) what? what thing?
    զի՞ կայ իմ եւ քոzi? kay im ew kʿo — what do you want; or: what do you want of me?
    քեզ զի՞ փոյթ էkʿez zi? pʿoytʿ ē — what does it matter to you?
    զի՞ է որդեակzi? ē ordeak — what do you want my son?
    զի՞ արդեօքzi? ardeōkʿ — what? how? what is it?
    զի՞ արդեօք Պետրոսն եղեւzi? ardeōkʿ Petrosn ełew — what has happened to Peter?
  2. (interrogative) why? for what reason?
    զի՞ է զիzi? ē zi — what is the motive for which? why? what is it? why then?
    զի՞ է զի յարեւու եկիք այսօրzi? ē zi yarewu ekikʿ aysōr — how happens it that you are returned before sun-down?

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

զի (zi)

  1. for, because; in order that, to the end that; that
    Զի քո արքայութիւն եւ զօրութիւն եւ փառք յաւիտեանս: Ամէն:Zi kʿo arkʿayutʿiwn ew zōrutʿiwn ew pʿaṙkʿ yawiteans: Amēn: — For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.
    եւ զիew zi — since, because
    վասն զիvasn zi — for, because, wherefore
    զի մի, զի մի երբէքzi mi, zi mi erbēkʿ — lest, for fear that, that never
    մի՛ դատիք, զի մի՛ դատիցիքmí datikʿ, zi mí daticʿikʿ — do not judge lest ye be judged
    որպէս զիorpēs zi — in order that, that, to the end that, so that; because, for
    է զի, էր զիē zi, ēr zi — sometimes; now and then
    զի՞ է զիzi? ē zi — what is the motive for which? why? what is it? why then?
    իբրեւ զի, իբր զիibrew zi, ibr zi — as if, as though
    կարեւոր է զիkarewor ē zi — it is important that
    մի՛ զի կոյր էր եւ մի զի աղքատ էրmí zi koyr ēr ew mi zi ałkʿat ēr — in the first place he was blind, in the next poor
    մինչ զիminčʿ zi — so that, in such a manner that
    փոխանակ զիpʿoxanak zi — whereas; for as much as, since, because

Interjection[edit]

զի՜ (zi!)

  1. how! how much!
    զի՜ անգութ եսzi! angutʿ es — how cruel you are!
    զի՜ բարի կամ զի՜ վայելուչzi! bari kam zi! vayelučʿ — how good and how pleasant!

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • զի in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • զի in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • զի in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy