אבן

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾabn-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אֶבֶן (évenf (plural indefinite form אֲבָנִים, plural construct form אַבְנֵי־)

  1. stone, small rock
  2. gem
  3. (biblical) motionless body, paralyzed (see 1 Samuel 25:37)
Declension[edit]
  singular plural
absolute אֶבֶן אֲבָנִים
absolute, Biblical verse-final form אָבֶן אֲבָנִים
construct אֶבֶן אַבְנֵי
definite הָאֶבֶן הָאֲבָנִים
Possessive forms singular plural
my אַבְנִי אֲבָנַי
your (masc. sing.) אַבְנְךָ אֲבָנֶיךָ
your (fem. sing.) אַבְנֵךְ אֲבָנַיִךְ
his אַבְנוֹ אֲבָנָיו
her אַבְנָהּ אֲבָנֶיהָ
our אַבְנֵנוּ אֲבָנֵינוּ
your (masc. pl.) אַבְנְכֶם אַבְנֵיכֶם
your (fem. pl.) אַבְנְכֶן אַבְנֵיכֶן
their (masc.) אַבְנָם אַבְנֵיהֶם
their (fem.) אַבְנָן אַבְנֵיהֶן

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic ابن (ibn).

Noun[edit]

אבן (ibnm (no plural forms, singular construct form אבן) (singular only, construct only)

  1. (used in names) ibn

Judeo-Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِبْنٌ (ibnun).

Noun[edit]

אבן (ibnunm (plural אבנא, בנון, ʾabnāʾun, banūna)

  1. son
    • Exodus 1:1 in Saadia Gaon's Tafsir (circa 10th century)
      הדׄה אסמא בני אסראיל אלדאכׄלין אלי מצר מע יעקוב רגׄל ואלה דכׄלו׃
      hāḏihi ʾasmāʾu banī ʾisrāʾīla ad-dāḵilīna ʾilā miṣra maʿa yaʿqūba rajulun waʾilluhu daḵalū.
      These are the names of the sons of Israel entering Egypt. With Jacob, man and his kin entered: