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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
土-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a lump of clay on a potter’s wheel.

土 土 土 土
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 土 (G), four-corner 40100, composition)

  1. soil, earth
  2. items made of earth
  3. One of the five basic elements
  4. peasant

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 223, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4867
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 415, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+571F

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping tou2, Yale tou2)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ thú, Guangdong t'u3 [Meixian], t'u3, t'u2 [Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim tu3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つち, romaji tsuchi)

  1. earth; soil; mud
  2. the ground

Phrases[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(to, du)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[, ]] (revised: to, du, McCune-Reischauer: t'o, tu, Yale: tho, twu)
  • Name (hangeul): [[, 뿌리]] (revised: heulk, ppuri, McCune-Reischauer: hŭk, ppuri, Yale: hulk, ppuli)
  • Compounds

Noun[edit]

(to) (hangeul )

  1. earth
  2. (As an abbreviation) Saturday

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (tu3), Wade-Giles t'u3)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. earth, soil
    这儿的够肥的。 zhèr de gòu féi de.
    The soil here is quite fertile.
  2. clay
  3. crude opium

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. local, native, indigenous
    土著 aboriginal
  2. rustic, unsophisticated

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. A surname​.
  2. Tujia ethnic group (土家族)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-14.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*tǒ )


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA thóo (thoo2), Guangdong to3)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thổ)