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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
来-bw.png
Stroke order
来-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from – fruit hanging on a tree 木, the coming of harvest; alternatively, ear of grain, as in . Meaning of “come” influenced by derived character .

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木廿 (DT), composition)

  1. come, coming
  2. return, returning

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 513, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14489
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 21, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6765

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping loi4, Yale loi4)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to come

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
らい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*ləi). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified (lái).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji rai-)

  1. next, coming (week, year, etc.)
     (らい) (ねん) (らい) (しゅう)
    rainen, raishū
    next year, next week
     (らい)週月曜日 (しゅうげつようび) ()いましょう。
    Raishū getsuyōbi ni aimashō.
    Let's meet Monday next. / Let's meet this coming Monday.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji Rai)

  1. A surname​.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji -rai)

  1. since, in (a span of time)
    三年 (さんねん) (らい)あれを ()ていない。
    San nen-rai are o mite inai.
    I haven't seen that in three years / since three years ago.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. The verb ku is one of the few monosyllabic verb roots in Japanese. This developed into kuru in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(irregular conjugation, hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. (obsolete) to approach one's position from a remote location: to come
    Developed into 来る (くる, ​kuru) in modern Japanese.

References[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin lái (lai2), Wade-Giles lai2)

    • John 1.6
      有一个人,是从神那里差的,名叫约翰。
      Yǒu yīge rén, shì cóng Shén nàli chāi lái de, míngjiào John.
      There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin lái, traditional )

  1. to come; to arrive

Phrase[edit]