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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
石-bw.png
Stroke order
石-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a stone beneath a cliff (). The cliff was subsequently distorted into .

Alternatively, a cave set into the side of a cliff or mountain.

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一口 (MR), four-corner 10600)

  1. stone, rock, mineral
  2. rad. 112
  3. A surname
  4. An ancient unit of weight

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 827, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1239, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2416, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77F3
  • Walsh, Len (2002). Read Japanese Today. Vermont: Tuttle. 47.

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping sek6, Yale sek6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sha̍k, Guangdong shak8 [Meixian], s'ak8 [Hailu, Kwangtung]; sak8, Hagfa Pinyim sag6)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いし, romaji ishi)

  1. stone

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seok, McCune-Reischauer: sŏk, Yale: sek)
  • Name (hangeul): ()

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shí (shi2), dàn (dan4), Wade-Giles shih2, tan4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shí)

  1. a stone; a rock

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin dàn)

  1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*zhiɛk)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ se̍k (sek8), chio̍h (chioh8), sia̍h (siah8), TLPA si̍k (sik8), tsio̍h (tsioh8), siah (sia̍h8))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thạch, đán)


Wu[edit]

Han character[edit]

石 Shanghainese: zaʔ², zah

  1. a stone, a rock, mineral
  2. rad. 112
  3. A surname

石 Shanghainese: tae

  1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)