-ál

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-á- (linking vowel) +‎ -l (suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ál

  1. Verbal suffix, same as -l with the á linking vowel. Added to a loanword to naturalize it in Hungarian.
    telefon (telephone) → telefonál (to telephone)
  2. Frequentative suffix. Added to a verb to form a verb to express repetitive action.
    dob (to throw) → dobál (to throw one after the other)
  3. (archaic) Added to a verb to form a noun.
    fon (to weave) → fonál (thread)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (verbal suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (frequentative suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster.
    -ál is added to back vowel verbs
    -él is added to front vowel verbs
  • (archaic noun suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster.
    -ál is added to back vowel verbs
    -él is added to front vowel verbs
    See also the suffix cluster variant -al/-el.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]