-ся

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -сь (-sʹ) (after vowels)

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сѧ (), the accusative of сєбє (sebe, self). It's the shortened form of Russian себя́ (sebjá, (one)self).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sʲə/
  • IPA(key): /sə/ (after т or ть, see usage notes)

Suffix[edit]

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, or intransitive verb.

Usage notes[edit]

  • After a vowel, -ся is usually contracted to -сь, except when attached to an adjectival participle:
    • мы́ться (mýtʹsja, to wash oneself), мо́ется (mójetsja, [he] washes himself)
    • мо́юсь (mójusʹ, [I] wash myself)
    • мы́вшаяся (mývšajasja, [who had] washed herself).
  • When affixed to an infinitive -ть (-tʹ) or the 3rd-person singular or plural (-t), it merges with the /t/ into the affricate /ts/ and palatalization is lost: [tsə].

See also[edit]