-ար

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-(e)ro-. Compare երկ-ար (erk-ar) from Proto-Indo-European *dweh₂-ro- (long). See also -իր (-ir), -որ (-or), -ուր (-ur).

Suffix[edit]

-ար (-ar)

  1. Found in several words. The function is not very clear.
    զարդzard ― ornament, embellishment
    զարդարեմzardarem ― to adorn
    մեծmec ― great
    մեծարեմmecarem ― to honor, to venerate
    արդard ― shape
    արդարardar ― just
    մութmutʿ ― dark
    մթարmtʿar ― black, smutty
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root of հարկանեմ (harkanem), with the loss of h-. Compare the pair փողահար (pʿołahar) - փողար (pʿołar).

Suffix[edit]

-ար (-ar)

  1. Forming words related to the notion of beating, striking.
    կտցարktcʿar ― woodcock
    փողարpʿołar ― trumpeter
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • -ար” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi