-եայ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the stem vowel (-i) and the element -այ (-ay), which is probably of the same origin as the genitive-dative ending of a-declension nouns. Later contaminated with Classical Syriac ܝܐ- (-āyāʾ, masculine gentilic suffix) in borrowings such as հրեայ (hreay), քաղդեայ (kʿałdeay) and the Iranian ending in borrowings such as աշտեայ (ašteay), դժնեայ (džneay).

Suffix[edit]

-եայ (-eay)

  1. made or consisting of; -en
    մետաքսmetakʿs — silk
    մետաքսեայmetakʿseay — silken
    եղէգնełēgn — cane, reed
    եղեգնեայełegneay — made of cane
    երեք ամerekʿ am — three years
    երեքամեայerekʿameay — consisting of three years
  2. belonging to some group
    պաշտօնpaštōn — office, position, employment
    պաշտօնեայpaštōneay — clerk, official, minister
    փախուստpʿaxust — flight, escape
    փախստեայpʿaxsteay — fugitive
    քրիստոնեայkʿristoneay — Christian
    հրեայhreay — Jew

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • -եայ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi