-ստ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the Proto-Indo-European *-sti- suffix, whence also Proto-Slavic *-ostь and Hittite [script needed] (-ašti). According to Ačaṙyan, the *-i- in Proto-Indo-European is the reason for -ե- (-e-) in the genitive of some older words derived from this suffix, e.g. գալուստ (galust) : գալստ-ե-ան (galst-e-an), հանգիստ (hangist) : հանգստ-ե-ան (hangst-e-an).

Suffix[edit]

-ստ (-st)

  1. Forming few action nouns. These action nouns may later become an adjective.
    գովեմgovem ― I praise
    գովեստgovest ― praise
    իմանամimanam ― I know
    իմաստimast ― meaning
    կորուսանեմkorusanem ― I lose
    կորուստkorust ― loss
    հանգչիմhangčʿim ― I repose
    հանգիստhangist ― repose
    ուտեմutem ― I eat
    ուտեստutest ― food
    ուրանամuranam ― I deny, disavow
    ուրաստurast ― denial, negation, disavowal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume 4, Armeniaca appendix, pages 671–673
  • -(ա)ստ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi