-ցի

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ցի (-cʿi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ցի (-cʿi)

  1. Appended to a place name to denote a person originating from that place.
    Եվրոպա (Evropa) (Evropa) — Europe
    եվրոպացի (evropacʿi) (evropac’i) — European
    Ֆրանսիա (Fransia) (Fransia) — France
    ֆրանսիացի (fransiacʿi) (fransiac’i) — Frenchman
    արտասահման (artasahman) (artasahman) — abroad
    արտասահմանցի (artasahmancʿi) (artasahmanc’i) — foreigner

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-skiyo-, composed of the suffixes *-sko- and *-iyo-.

Suffix[edit]

-ցի (-cʿi)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    խելքxelkʿ ― brains
    խելացիxelacʿi ― intelligent
  2. Denoting persons originating from a certain place.
    ՔանանKʿanan ― Canaan
    քանանացիkʿananacʿi ― Canaanite
    ՀռովմHṙovm ― Rome
    հռովմայեցիhṙovmayecʿi ― Roman
    ՓարպիPʿarpi ― Parpi (a village in Armenia)
    փարպեցիpʿarpecʿi ― someone from Parpi
  3. Forming adverbs.
    մուրցmurcʿ ― fist
    մուրցացիmurcʿacʿi ― with the fists
    աքakʿ ― leg
    աքացիakʿacʿi ― with legs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: -ցի (-cʿi)

References[edit]

  • -ացի, -եցի, -ցի” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi