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See also: ւ and Ւ

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *-bʰi. The vowel is preserved in ի-ւի-ք (i-wi-kʿ). Cognate with Mycenaean Greek [script needed] (-pi), Homeric Ancient Greek -φι (-phi), Sanskrit [script needed] (-bhy-ām, dual ablative-instrumental marker), [script needed] (-bhy-as, plural dative-ablative marker), [script needed] (-bhi-s, plural instrumental marker), the plural dative endings in Gaulish gobed-bi (to the smiths) and Old Irish feraib (to the men).



  1. instrumental case marker

Usage notes[edit]

(-w) applied to i- and i-a-stems, (-v) to o-stems, (-b) to ł-, r- and n-stems. The marker dropped reuglarly after ու (u) in u-stems, e.g. զարդ (zard) : instrumental զարդու (zardu).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]