先生

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Chinese[edit]

 
early; prior; former; in advance; first
 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow
simp. and trad.
(先生)

Etymology[edit]

From (xiān, Old Chinese *sɯːn(s), "before, ahead") and (shēng, OC *shleːŋ, *sreŋs, "to be born"), i.e. "one who was born earlier". Attested in Shijing ("first child"), Yili ("elder brother"), Classic of Rites ("teacher"), Mengzi ("a knowledgeable elder").

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

先生

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) mister, sir
  2. (formal) husband
  3. (dated) Doctor; Dr
  4. (regional) doctor

Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Sinitic 先生.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

先生 (hiragana せんせい, romaji sensei)

  1. one who was born earlier; an elder
  2. one who excels at a subject; a scholar
  3. one who teaches; a teacher or professor
  4. sensei (Japanese martial arts teacher)
  5. sir, a polite form of address to teachers, doctors, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

This is a term of respect, reserved only for speaking about others, and considered somewhat impolite (immodest) to use when referring to oneself. Instead, the term 教師 (kyōshi, "teacher") is considered more socially appropriate when referring to oneself.

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

先生 (hiragana せんせい, romaji -sensei)

  1. a title used after the name of teachers, doctors, lawyers, or certain other professionals

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

先生 (seonsaeng) (hangeul 선생)

  1. Hanja form? of 선생, “teacher”.