-és

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Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ēnsis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-és m (feminine -esa, masculine plural -esos, feminine plural -eses)

  1. (Valencia) -ese; Used to form an adjective with the meaning of “pertinent thereto”.
  2. (Valencia) -ese; Used to form a noun with the meaning of “an inhabitant thereof”.
  3. (Valencia) m -ese; Used to form a proper noun with the meaning of “the language used by the inhabitants thereof”.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike English, where the capitalization of the proper noun is retained when a suffix is added, in Catalan, when this suffix is used with a place name, the capitalization is dropped, even when forming a language name that is itself a proper noun. Hence Irlanda (Ireland) + -és yields irlandés not *Irlandés.

Derived terms[edit]

  • Category Catalan words suffixed with -és not found

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-és

  1. Added to a verb to form a noun.
    fizet (to pay) → fizetés (salary)
    kér (to request) → kérés (request)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -ás is added to back vowel words
    -és is added to front vowel words
  • See detailed usage notes under -ás.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ēnsis.

Suffix[edit]

-és m

  1. Forms nouns and adjectives of nationality:
-ish, -an
  • Examples:
inglés, holandés, francés, etc.

Related terms[edit]