-de

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-de

  1. Added to a verb to form a noun indicating the place of the action.
    köt (to knit) → kötöde (knitting shop)
    zene (music) → zenede (school of music)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Member of the -da/-de suffix cluster. A linking vowel may also connect the stem and the suffix.

  • -da is added to back vowel words
  • -de is added to front vowel words

See also[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German -ede, from Old Saxon -itha, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. Cognate with Dutch -te, English -th.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-de

  1. appended to an adjective, it makes a feminine noun referring to the size of the quality referred to by the adjective, cognate to -th.
    hoochHööchde
    deepDeepde
    engEngde
    langLängde
  2. appended to the stem of a verb, yields a feminine noun which refers to the object of such a verb.
    schamenSchaamde
    bögenBöögde
Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The use of the suffix is widespread in Northern Germany, however, some Low German varieties show a partial or complete suppression of the suffix. Most words listed above can also be found without the suffix, though this varies depending on the person speaking and the word. For example, Süükde is more often found as Süük with no suffix, than the original form with suffix. Hööchde can be found as Hööchd and Leevde as Leevd, with loss of the final -e. Though this process exists, the forms in -de remain largely prominent, with the notable exception of the following words: SüükdeSüük, StilldeStill, MengdeMeng, Stärkde → both Stärkde and Stärkd. Some words show only a form in -t, which is basically derived from the -de suffix. Examples of such words are Grött (size) and Hitt (heat).

Related terms[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-de

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, denoting quality, kind, origin or material

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §347

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-de

  1. Suffix to form preterite tense, active voice, indicative mood (~past tense) of weakly inflected verbs. If the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant, the suffix instead is -te
    att blåsa; blåste = to blow; blew
    att simma; simmade = to swim; swam
  2. Suffix to form the past participle of weakly inflected verbs, to be used when the corresponding participle belongs with a noun in definite or plural form.

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-de

  1. Used to form locative of nouns.
    köy - köyde
    village - in/at village

Usage notes[edit]

  • It’s used when the noun’s last vowel is a front vowel.
  • It could be “-da”, when the noun’s last vowel is a back vowel.
    okul - okulda
  • It could be “-te”, when the noun’s last consonant is “f”, “s”, “t”, “k”, “ç”, “ş”, “h” or “p”.
    ofis - ofiste
  • It must be used with an apostrophe while forming a proper noun.
    Türkiye - Türkiye’de