-ei

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German -īe, borrowed from Old French -ie, from Latin -ia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ei f (plural: -eien)

  1. site or building where a characteristic activity is conducted
    Der Bäcker arbeitet in der Bäckerei
    The baker works in the bakery
  2. used to create abstract nouns denoting a state, condition, or quality, like English -y

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-e (possessive suffix) +‎ -i (possessive plural)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. (possessive suffix) his/her/its ... -s (third-person singular, multiple possessions)
    terv (plan) → a tervei (his/her/its plans)
  2. (possessive suffix) your ... -s (second-person singular and plural formal, multiple possessions)
    a maga tervei, az ön tervei - your (singular, formal) plans
    a maguk tervei, az önök tervei - your (plural, formal) plans

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -i is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ai is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ei is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jai is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jei is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin hĕbui / (h)ĕ(bu)i, which stems from classical Latin habuī, first-person singular perfect of habeō. See -erei.

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. Used with a stem to form the first-person singular past historic of regular -ere verbs

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-eī

  1. nominative masculine plural of -eus
  2. genitive masculine singular of -eus
  3. genitive neuter singular of -eus
  4. vocative masculine plural of -eus

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -lei (for feminine nouns ending a stressed vowel or diphthong)

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illaei, merger of Latin illī (dative feminine singular of ille) and -ae (first-declension ending).

Suffix[edit]

-ei f

  1. (definite article) the (feminine singular, genitive and dative)

Usage notes[edit]

This form of the definite article is used for feminine nouns in the genitive and dative cases which end in or in an unstressed vowel:

The suffix is also used with feminine singular adjectives in the genitive and dative cases to make the articulated definite form, often for emphasis, and it is used before the noun it modifies:

Related terms[edit]

  • -l (masculine/neuter singular nominative and accusative)
  • -a (feminine singular nominative and accusative)
  • -i (masculine/neuter plural nominative and accusative)
  • -le (feminine plural nominative and accusative)
  • -lui (masculine/neuter singular genitive and dative)
  • -lor (plural genitive and dative)

See also[edit]