-el

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -el, from Old English -el (agent suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent suffix).

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. Suffix forming nouns, originally denoting an agent, from verbs, usually spelt -le except after n and e.
    runnel, shovel, dotel
  2. Diminutive suffix in words of Germanic origin.
    hatchel, hovel, gomeral

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French -el (diminutive suffix), from Latin -ellus (suffix).

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. Suffix, originally diminutive, in words of Latin or Romance origin.
    cupel, chapel, tunnel

Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. Used on verbs, together with the prefix k-, to indicate that the first person singular (I) is the actor and the second person singular (you) is the object of the verb.
    n'kezalmô
    I love
    k'kezalmel
    I love you (singular)

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix is spelled -ol by some writers.

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cf. French -el (e.g. sexuel, individuel, industriel)

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. To make an adjective of a noun; -al
    broadel ("national") from broad ("nation")

Esperanto[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. in [...] way
    -el is the ending for correlatives of manner or degree

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin -ālis. Cognate to French -al.

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. To make an adjectival form of a noun; -al
    naturel from nature

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-e- + -l

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. Added to a noun to form a verb.
    ebéd (lunch) → ebédel (to eat lunch)
  2. Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    lep (to cover) → lepel (wrap)
  3. Conjugational suffix, 2nd person singular, indicative mood, present tense, indefinite conjugation. Only verbs ending in -s, -sz, -z use it.
    keres (to seek) → keresel (you seek, you are seeking)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (verbal suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (noun suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words
  • (conjugational suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -ol is added to back vowel verbs ending in -s, -sz, -z
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel verbs ending in -s, -sz, -z
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel verbs ending in -s, -sz, -z

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -el, from Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. makes an adjectival form of a noun; -al

Derived terms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German -el, from Old Saxon -il (agent suffix), -al (agent suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent suffix). Cognate with Dutch and German -el, English -le and -el.

Suffix[edit]

-el m

  1. Suffix forming nouns originally denoting an agent from verbs.
    Lepel, Snavel, Stickel

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German -ling. Result of wrong segmentation of nouns with -el and -ing suffixes. See the English suffix -ling. Akin to English, Dutch and German -ling.

Suffix[edit]

-el m

  1. A suffix that describes a male person (or other creature) in terms of a place of origin or a quality, as defined by the root to which it is added. Now often replaced by a compound with Jung for a male person, and Deern for a female person such as Lehrjung, Lehrdeern (male/female pupil).
Derived terms[edit]

Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-a-l-.

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. Alternative form of -ol.

Etymology 2[edit]

Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *-(i)lo-, *-(u)lo-, -(e)lā-

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-el m

  1. (causes i-mutation) agent and instrumental suffix creating nouns from verbs
    crypel "cripple", from crēopan "to creep"
    bydel "herald, messenger", from bēodan "to command"
    spitel "shovel", from spittan "to dig"
    hlædel "ladle", from hladan "to lade"
    þrīpel "instrument of punishment, cross", from þrēapian "to reprove, reprehend"
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin -ellus and -ellum

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. Suffix that usually denotes a masculine noun

Descendants[edit]

French : -al, -eau, -el


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ellus.

Suffix[edit]

-el m (plural -ei, feminine -ea, feminine plural -ele)

  1. used to form a masculine diminutive of a word

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-el

  1. This word needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.