-ela

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ēla f (genitive -ēlae); first declension

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix is added to a verb (often a deponent) to create a first-declension feminine form of an abstract noun.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -ēla -ēlae
genitive -ēlae -ēlārum
dative -ēlae -ēlīs
accusative -ēlam -ēlās
ablative -ēlā -ēlīs
vocative -ēla -ēlae

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Word formation in the Roman sermo plebeius

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ella, feminine of -ellus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ.la/, /ˈɛ.lɐ/

Suffix[edit]

-ela f (plural -elas)

  1. forms diminutives
    rua (road; street) → ruela (bystreet; alley)
    cana (cane) → canela (shin)
    via (way; path) → viela (bystreet; alley)
    cáravo (a type of mediaeval watercraft) → caravela (caravel)
  2. forms nouns indicating a superficial or minor action
    escovada (a brushing) → escovadela (a superficial brushing)
    pincelada (brushstroke) → pinceladela (a superficial or short brushstroke)
    riscada (razor strike) → riscadela (a short razor strike)

Synonyms[edit]