-else

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Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Danish -ilse, later -ælsæ, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-əlsə/, [-əlsə]

Suffix[edit]

-else c (singular definite -elsen, plural indefinite -elser, plural definite -elserne)

  1. added to a verb to form a noun for an action or process
  2. the result of, or something related to, such an action or process

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German -else, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo.

Suffix[edit]

-else n

  1. Creating, from a verb, a noun which is created by the action of this verb (not necessarily one with which the verb is supposed to be done).
    Backelse (pastry): that which is baked (in a wider sense anything baked like bread and cakes) — from backen (to bake)
    Radelse (riddle): that which is guessed — from raden (to guess); compare German Rätsel
    Rimelse (rhyme): that which is rhymed — from rimen (to rhyme)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix is not used for creating nouns with which verbs are supposed to be done, e.g. * drinkelse. A drink (that which one drinks) is a Drink, Driinke (cognate to English drink) or a Drank (cognate to German Trank).
  • Some Low German dialects drop the e at the end of words, so that words with this suffix end in -els or -els’. Some dictionaries whose authors lack knowledge of Middle Low German or general Low German dialects and developments might mistake this as a plural -s and thus either create a pseudo-singular or mistake this for a plurale tantum.

Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon -isli, -islo. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Suffix[edit]

-else

  1. added to a verb to form a noun for an action or process
  2. the result of, or something related to, such an action or process

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A metathetic form of Proto-Germanic *-isliją, from Proto-Germanic *-is-, a noun particle + Proto-Germanic *-lij-, a verbal particle. More at -sian, -lian

Suffix[edit]

-else f

  1. (feminine suffix for inanimate objects) suffix creating nouns from verbs
    rǣdelse (counsel, advise, riddle, enigma)
    myrrelse, mierrelse (an offense, scandal; stumblingblock)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon -isli, -islo. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Suffix[edit]

-else

  1. creating nouns from verbs

Derived terms[edit]