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See also: eth, Eth, ETH, Eth., and eth-



From Proto-Germanic *-þi, *-di, from Proto-Indo-European *-ti.


  • There is some evidence that verbs written with this ending in Early Modern English were pronounced as if they ended in -s, which was common in speech before becoming common in writing. Alternatively (or in addition to the former) the Northumbrian dialect of Old English's third-person singular present indicative suffix, -s, may have eventually displaced the -eth suffix.



  1. (archaic) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs.
    goeth, maketh
  2. (humorous) replaces -s or -es (of verb forms and noun plurals), or is appended to other verb forms, forming nonce, pseudoarchaic versions of the word
    I emaileth, he emaileth; thou saideth; he killedeth.
  3. used to create some ordinal numbers; e.g twentieth, thirtieth.

Coordinate terms[edit]