-ible

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin -ibilis

Suffix[edit]

-ible

  1. An adjective suffix, now usually in a passive sense; forms adjectives meaning:
    1. able to be
    2. relevant or suitable to, in accordance with
    3. expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense
      convertible

Usage notes[edit]

  • The form -able is used in the same sense and is pronounced the same.
  • Generally not productive in English – most words ending in -ible are borrowed from Latin, or Old or Middle French, while -able is more common for producing new words. Examples of production in English include collectible.
  • In general, forms derived from Latin verbs of the second, third, and fourth conjugations take -ible, as well as a few words whose roots end in a soft c or g. All other words take -able, particularly words from the Latin first conjugation, words that evolved through French, and words from Anglo-Saxon.
  • Fowler, in his English Usage, recommended using -ible for simplicity in spelling with any verb whose root ends in a soft c or g (such as changible vs. changeable), but this recommendation has generally not been followed.
  • Adjectives ending in -ible are occasionally nominalized, as in dirigible, foible, submersible. The adjective sense may become obsolete, as in foible.
  • A few words end in “ible” but are not related to this suffix, instead being of different origin, generally a similar Latin suffix. Examples include crucible and mandible.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ibilis.

Suffix[edit]

-ible m, f (masculine and feminine plural -ibles)

  1. -ible, -able

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix is used for verbs of the second and third conjugations, which end in -er, -re or -ir. For the first-conjugation verbs, which end in -ar, the suffix is -able.

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ibilis

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ible

  1. -ible

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ibilis

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ible

  1. -ible

Derived terms[edit]